Every sunday when I’m home I can hear a person talking on the mike to spread awareness about dengue in and around the locality. Well, we all know dengue is one of the most dangerous diseases that is spread by the female Aedes Aegypti mosquito. These mosquitoes bite in the morning rather than the night. They are known to be most active after sunrise and before sunset. And most importantly they breed in containers containing clean water at home or outside. Nowadays, dengue is spreading like wildfire and shouldn’t be neglected at all once infected with it. Hence, the local administrative bodies have started various programmes to inform people about the consequences of this disease so that they take precautionary measures to protect themselves from it.
The common symptoms of this disease start with high fever that lasts for three to seven days followed by severe headache, muscle and joint pain and nausea. And also bleeding from the nose or gums are quite common in dengue. If you witness such symptoms don’t wait for a moment and consult the doctor as soon as you can.
Dengue is a virus that has no specific treatment or cure. But still, doctors treat the patients depending on the seriousness of the disease. Keep reading below:
- Rehydration- Due to high fever and vomiting the body losesa lot of fluid which weakens the person. To avoid dehydration, drinking plenty of water is mandatory. Sometimes, rehydration salts like ORS can also aid in replacing fluids and minerals.
- Painkillers- This disease brings in a lot of muscle and joint pain for which NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) such as aspirin should be avoided. Rather, patients are advised to take Tylenol (Paracetamol) which reduces the fever and relieves them of the body pain.
The above-mentioned treatments are useful for milder degree of the illness. Whereas, there are cases which need special attention and stricter medication. And this includes intravenous fluid supplementation, blood transfusion and hospital care.
At present, there is no vaccine available for dengue. However, medical practitioners, researchers are researchingon the vaccine. Here are some of the other preventive tips, read below:
- Avoid going out in the dawn, dusk and early evening.
- Wear proper clothes that will cover your skin properly.
- Use mosquito repellants.
- Make use of the mosquito traps and nets.
- Fix the windows with window screens or netting.
- Don’t use heavy perfumes and soaps. These attract mosquitoes.
- Never store water in containers or buckets as that’s the perfect breeding place for these mosquitoes.
Dengue is a harmful disease and should be avoided for a better health. So, read the above-mentioned tips and take precautionary steps to live a healthy and safe life.